Chapter IV of the Indian Penal Code deals with the basic exceptions to criminal liability. There are various kinds of acts (exceptions) done under the situations discussed in Secs.
Mistake of truth (Secs. 76, 79). Judicial acts (Secs. 77-78). Crash (Sec. 80). Lack of criminal intent (Secs. 81-86, 92-94). Act done by approval (Secs. 87-91). Trifling act (Sec. 95). Personal support (Secs. 96-106).
The onus of proving exceptions pushes the charged that needs to confirm the circumstances bringing the case within any one of the basic exceptions. The court will presume the lack of such scenarios. The prosecution needs to verify the regret of the accused.
Thus, A, charged of murder, affirms that, because unsoundness of mind, he did not understand the nature of the act. The worry of proof gets on A. It may be noted that unlike the prosecution, which needs to verify the fee beyond a practical question, the accused needs to show that prevalence of possibilities is in favour of his appeal.
Chapter IV of the Indian Penal Code deals with the general exceptions to criminal liability. There are different kinds of acts (exemptions) done under the scenarios pointed out in Secs. These exceptions are:
The onus of verifying exceptions exists on the accused that has to verify the situations bringing the case within any of the general exceptions.